The Norwegian Peace Nobel Committee Chair Berit Reiss-Andersen on Friday after awarding Ethiopian Premier Abiy Ahmed confirmed that
“peace agreement will help to bring about positive change for the entire populations of Ethiopia and Eritrea.” Thus, the prize was not awarded to Eritrean dictator Isaias Afwerki, Abiy’s so-called partner in the talks.
“Peace does not arise from the actions of one party alone.”
Prize without Peace
This deal has any officially published accord known to this day, rather a personal agreement between the two leaders. It is a peace award without arriving at any peace among the two belligerent nations. The best example would be the border crossings between Ethiopia and Eritrea were opened last year, but Eritrea soon closed the border again.
In Eritrean today, there is no independent political parties, no free media, no either constitution or any election since independence. The United Nations released the results of a year-long investigation in 2015, into human rights in the country, finding “systematic, widespread and gross human rights violations,” including extrajudicial killing, torture and forced labor.
In Ethiopia since the coming to power April 2017 PM Abiy over three million internally displaced people, Ethiopia is going through one of the most severe humanitarian crises in the world. In total, there are 600 sites for internally displaced people in Ethiopia supported by the EU. Abiy Ahmed’s regime seems increasingly vulnerable as he faces deep divisions in the ruling coalition, simmering.
The Irony of the Nobel Committee
Nobel’s will was supposed to be dedicated –
“the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses”. In the case of PM ABiy, he did not fulfill either of them. Adolf Hitler was recommended to the Nobel committee in 1939 by Erik Gottfrid Christian Brandt, a social-democratic member of the Swedish parliament naming him
“the Prince of Peace on earth, ” and calls Mein Kampf “the best and most popular piece of literature in the world,” and expresses confidence that the dictator could “pacify Europe, and possibly the whole world.” Brandt, the anti-fascist, and had meant the letter to be irony.
Today it must be taken as “Irony of Norwegians Committee” for Ethiopians to accord a Nobel Prize to the man destroying Ethiopia from its historical legacy.